Plant Protection Products (PPP) are the so-called crop protection products, also called pesticides, and contain insecticides, fungicides, herbicides and nowadays also low-risk substances (bio-pesticides) and basic substances.
These PPP are regulated in EC 1107/2009: “A substance should only be included in PPP where it has been demonstrated that they present a clear benefit for plant production and they are not expected to have any harmful effect on human or animal health or any unacceptable effects on the environment”.
Basic substances are not predominantly used as plant protection products but which may be of value for plant protection and for which the economic interest of applying for approval may be limited.
According to Article 23 of EC1107/2009, the criteria for basic substances are:
The European Commission’s database of active substances contains information on the approval status of basic substances: click on “Advanced search” and select Type = Basic substance.
A fertilising product means a substance, mixture, microorganism or any other material, applied or intended to be applied, either as its own or mixed with another material, on plants or their rhizosphere for the purpose of providing plants with nutrient or improving nutrition efficiency.
Fertilising products are:
A plant Biostimulant is any substance or microorganism, applied to plants with the aim to enhance nutrient use efficiency and/or tolerance to abiotic stress, and/or crop quality traits, regardless of its nutrient content. This means, Plant Biostimulants are regarded as fertilisers.
Based on these regulations, our Natural Seaweed extracts and the humic- and fulvic acids belong to the fertiliser regulation. Chitosan however, as a basic substance, belongs to the PPP regulation; See the enclosed Commission Staff Working Document .